8th Grade Science 2013-2014
1. BE RESPONSIBLE! Purchase a 100 page (8 ˝ X 11”) composition notebook for use in science class only. Students must have these by Monday, September 7.
Be in your seat, ready to learn, before the bell rings.
Come to class with your binder (including your planner, pencils, eraser, paper, highlighters, scissors, glue or paste, colored pencils and any homework you need to turn in) and your interactive science notebook (composition book).
2. BE SAFE!!! IN SCIENCE LAB THAT MEANS: Follow the Laboratory Safety Rules. These rules are posted in the classroom and a copy will be provided for your lab notebook. Students and parents will receive a copy of these rules during the first week of school. Unsafe behavior will not be tolerated in the science classroom.
3. BE SELF-CONTROLLED!
Keep your hands and feet to yourself. Don’t fool around. N0 HORSEPLAY! is the # 1 rule in my classroom. Pay attention to directions. Keep all 4 chair legs on the ground.
4. BE RESPECTFUL
Respect yourself. Respect other students. Respect your instructors. Respect the community that provides you with this opportunity to learn, and take care of the school property you use in class.
5. BE KIND Jţ
What happens if a student behaves according to these expectations? ☺
Students’ positive influence at Brown MS and in the classroom will be acknowledged with a “Great Panther” ticket, and praise! The tickets pay dividends! Prizes and opportunities go to students who earn them.
What happens if a student misbehaves?
1. Warning – This is a reminder to the student: please
2. Warning with time out in the hall - Student will fill out a “REFLECTION SHEET” and may return when it is completed appropriately.
3. Tracker – Parents and administrators are notified.
4. Administrative referral - Each referral requires a meeting with an administrator concerning the misbehavior.
- Unsafe behavior and severe disruptions may result in immediate removal from the room and administrative referral.
Most homework will be short (5-15 minute) study questions designed to assure that students are reviewing their notes in their interactive science notebooks. Sometimes there will be a place for parents or guardians to sign showing that they have reviewed their student’s work. Descriptions of classwork and homework are available online at http://www.hsd.k12.or.us.brown/homework.asp.
· Students should make, keep, and use an assignment sheet that lists all assignments. Each week’s assignments are posted by the assignment/homework turn-in trays, on the homework website, and on the Synergy website.
· Grades are based on 8th grade state standards in science. Grades are based on students’ performance on homework, tests, quizzes, CIM tasks, lab reports, and presentations. Summative assessments will account for 55% of the student’s grade. If a student has not successfully completed enough work to show that he or she earned a C, nearly meeting most of the standards taught in a grading period, a grade of I for incomplete may be given. The student can improve this grade to a letter grade of C or above by successfully completing the missing work and/or work which did not meet the standard within 3 weeks of the end of the grading period.
· Students may retake quizzes and tests to improve their grade. Students must complete retakes before school, after school, or at lunch on days when Mr. Arrowsmith is available. These days will be posted on retake sign-up sheets in class. Students must sign up to retake tests (on the sign-up sheets posted in class) at least one day in advance. Retakes may take a different form than the original test.
· Written assignments may be redone or improved and resubmitted for an improved score.
· Interactive science notebooks will be graded twice a quarter.
Balanced Grading Scale
What it means:
Nearly Meets Standard
Does Not Meet Standard
Nearly current grades will be available online in October, 2013 at http://synergy.hsd.k12.or.us. If you don’t have online access, Mr. Arrowsmith can provide nearly current printed information if you contact him by phone or send a note. Check in at the main office for information on community online access. Quarterly grade reports will be mailed home.
8th grade Science Standards
· MS-ETS1-1. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
· MS-ETS1-2. Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
· MS-ETS1-3. Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.
· MS-ETS1-4. Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.
Structure and Properties of Matter
· MS-PS1-1. Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.
· MS-PS1-3. Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.
· MS-PS1-4. Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.
· MS-PS1-2. Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.
· MS-PS1-5. Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.
· MS-PS1-6. Undertake a design project to construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes.
· MS-PS3-3. Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.*
· MS-PS3-4. Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.
Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation
· MS-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.
· MS-PS4-2. Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.
· MS-PS4-3. Integrate qualitative scientific and technical information to support the claim that digitized signals (sent as wave pulses) are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information.
· MS-ESS2-1. Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
· MS-ESS2-4. Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
· MS-ESS3-1. Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
History of the Earth
· MS-ESS1-4. Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth’s 4.6-billion-year-old history.
· MS-ESS2-2. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
· MS-ESS2-3. Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.
Weather and Climate
· MS-ESS2-5. Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
· MS-ESS2-6. Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
· MS-ESS3-5. Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
· MS-ESS1-1. Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.
· MS-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
· MS-ESS1-3. Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.
· MS-ESS3-2. Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
· MS-ESS3-3. Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.*
· MS-ESS3-4. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
LITERACY FOR SCIENCE (from Common Core State Standards, Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects, grades 6-8)
· RST.1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.RST.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.RST.3. Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.
· RST.7. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
· RST.9. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.
· WHST.1. Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
· WHST.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
· WHST.7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
· WHST.8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
· WHST.9. Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
CONNECTIONS TO CCSS MATHEMATICS
· MP.2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
· MP.4. Model with mathematics.
Ratios and Proportional Relationships
· 6.RP.01.01. Understand the concept of ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities.
· 6.RP.01.02. Understand the concept of a unit rate a/b associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship.
· 6.RP.01.03. Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
· 7.RP.01.02. Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities.
The Number System
· 6.NS.03.05. Understand that positive and negative numbers are used together to describe quantities having opposite directions or values; use positive and negative numbers to represent quantities in real-world contexts, explaining the meaning of 0 in each situation.
Expressions and Equations
· 6.EE.02.06. Use variables to represent numbers and write expressions when solving a real-world or mathematical problem; understand that a variable can represent an unknown number, or, depending on the purpose at hand, any number in a specified set.
· 7.EE.02.04. Use variables to represent quantities in a real-world or mathematical problem, and construct simple equations and inequalities to solve problems by reasoning about the quantities.
· 8.EE.01.01. Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions.
· 8.EE.01.02. Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x2 = p and x3 = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational.
· 8.EE.01.03. Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other.
· 8.F.01.03. Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear.
Statistics and Probability
· 6.SP.02.04. Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context.
6.SP.02.05. Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context